Eqality and Diversity unit 4 Essay

Assessment

You should use this file to complete your Assessment.

The first thing you need to do is save a copy of this document, either onto your computer or a disk Then work through your Assessment, remembering to save your work regularly When you’ve finished, print out a copy to keep for reference Then, go to www.vision2learn.com and send your completed Assessment to your tutor via your My Study area – make sure it is clearly marked with your name, the course title and the Unit and Assessment number.

Please note that this Assessment document has 5 pages and is made up of 3 Parts.

Name: SARAH CLARKE

Part 1: Diversity within the community

1. Describe a range of appropriate investigative methods that can be used to explore diversity in a community.

There are a few different ways that are available to the public to investigate and obtain how diverse a community is. The first is observational, this requires the person to decide what they want to record and make up a simple table to do this. Depending on what they would like to know sometimes observation may not be helpful on its own as there are things like ethnicity and religion that are not obvious without asking the person. It may be that you can make a simple questionnaire and give to the community to obtain this information. It is also important to decide the time scale of the observation and where this will take place. If there are a number of things you want to record it may be better to have more than one person observing. The second way is through the many websites that hold an
extensive list of all communities and statistics. These can be the local authority sites, the government website and the others that hold a vast range of information and statistic including the Office National Statistics, Neighbourhood Statistics and Nationmaster. A third way is through your local library as they hold up to date information on the community including list of local businesses, social venues, local sport associations and services that are available. You may find that the library also holds books, journals and other materials to research.

2. Using one (or more) of the methods you outlined in Question 1, describe the extent of diversity that exists within your community. You should illustrate your work with some actual data such as statistics or desktop research.

As it is important to get the right statistics for the surrounding community I am going to use as a data source the Office for National Statistics and the area code that they have used for the relevant postcode is 002B. If there are statistics I am unable to find under the code 002B I will use the statistics from the local authority of Bristol. The data for the diverse ethnic group is from the year 2011 and show that there are 1,604 residents in total, broken down in to the following groups and figures 1,305 White; English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British, 11 White; Irish, 1 White; Gypsy or Irish Traveller, 79 White; Other White, 25 Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; White and Black Caribbean, 3 Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; White and Black African, 5Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; White and Asian, 10 Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; Other Mixed, 27 Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; Other Mixed, 1 Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; Other Mixed, 14 Asian/Asian British; Bangladeshi,10 Asian/Asian British; Chinese, 27 Asian/Asian British; Other Asian, 47 Black/African/Caribbean/Black British; African, 12 Black/African/Caribbean/Black British; Caribbean, 20 Black/African/Caribbean/Black British; Other Black, 2 Other Ethnic Group; Arab, 5 Other Ethnic Group; Any Other Ethnic Group. I will look at the age diversity in the area using the data from year 2011, age 0 – 15 years = 485, 16 – 29 years = 285, 30 – 59 years = 571, 60+ = 263. There is also a diverse religious community in my neighbourhood so I am going to use the
data also from year 2011, 700 Christian, 12 Buddhist, 8 Hindu, 0 Jewish, 45 Muslim, 2 Sikh , 4 Other Religion, 714 No Religion, 119 Religion Not Stated. (http://www.statistics.gov.uk/hub/cross-cutting-topics/equality-and-diversity/index.html) (Accessed 25/09/2013)

3. Using one (or more) of the methods you outlined in Question 1, describe the range of services and agencies that exist within your local community to support diversity.

There seems to be a wide range of services and agencies in the Bristol area which help and support the vast diverse community in the city, I have found that in my immediate community there is not a vast range of specific services and agencies. I have also found that both universities in the Bristol area has disable services. There is also the Bristol Autism project, the National Autism Society and Listening partnership that deal with a wide variety of disabled people. There is also a unit in Southmead Hospital that helps with a wide range of disabilities from ADHA, Autism and many more severe disabilities. Many of the staff in this unit will also visit the special need schools in the area to see their patients and family members normally the parents. There are many services and agencies that help the vast range of ethnic groups in the area these include Barnardos, The Bright Project, Bristol Black Carers, The Race Forum, SARI (support against racist incidents), Elay4u, Muslim Support Group and Bread Youth Project. It is evident to me that there are also many services for the elderly these include Age UK Bristol, Bristol Get IT (information technology), Association of Filipinos of Bristol, ABC Centre, Alzheimer’s Society, Association of Wren and Association of retired and persons over 50 theses are just a few. (http://www.bristol.gov.uk/page/community-and-safety/support-groups) (Accessed 23/09/2013)

4. Using one (or more) of the methods you outlined in Question 1, provide a wide range of examples of physical signs that show there is diversity within your community. Include at least two physical examples relating to each of the following areas of diversity:

Religion
Ethnicity
Age
Disability
Gender.

Area of diversity
Physical signs
Religion

Sikh temple, Hindu temple, Mosque, Polish church and Synagogue

Cathedral, Baptist church, Methodist church and Russian Orthodox church.

Ethnicity

Polish, Caribbean and Indian Caribbean convenience stores.

Chinese, Indian, Caribbean, French, pizza and Greek takeaways.

Age
Nurseries, junior school, comprehensive schools and universities.

Nursing homes, over 50 painting club and OAP exercise class in the gym.

Disability
Wheelchair ramps outside homes and businesses, metal support hand rails and hearing loops in the council offices and banks.

Adverts for Autism friendly cinema showing and disabled drama group. Gender
Advert for women only gym, women refuges and women walking group for lesbians

Men only weight loss group, Bristol guys dating club and the DEN men only fetish club.

Once you have completed this Part of your Assessment, save the work you have done so far – you will need to send your work to your tutor for marking when you have completed all three Parts of this Assessment.

Part 2: Threats to creating and maintaining a diverse environment

1. Describe the types of inequality that could exist within a community. Report on your findings.

Political inequality.

Political inequality can occur anywhere and does in many countries, although Britain is a now a democracy for years there were certain groups of people who were denied the right to vote, these groups were women, anyone over the age of 18 but under the of 21 and last men over the age of 21 who did not own their own property. Although we are in the 21 century there is one group which is denied the right to vote this group is the prison population but decision is under review. In many foreign countries there are people denied the right to vote because of their ethnicity or religion and this is because the country in under military rule and there is no democracy. One country that is ran like this is Burma.

Income inequality.

There are many parts of society that suffer from income inequality; some areas have higher income inequalities than others. Normally because there are pockets of society that are known to others for living on benefits and are either unable or unwilling to make changes to improve their quality of life and feel they are being unfairly treated by those who do work and are able to have a much better quality of life.

Housing inequality.

In Bristol where I live there is a shortage of housing for younger members of society. If you are single and getting help from a friend because you are
homeless there can be up to a 3 year wait to get a council flat. The private renting market is also out of the reach for many of these youngsters so they have to rely on friends and family. When I went to the council with someone that I had been helping the first question they asked was “Are you pregnant?”

Education inequality.

Due to the high number of immigrants and many of them not being able to speak fluent English they are less likely to receive the high standard of education that British children would. Another group of people that may receive a higher standard of education are those who are able to pay privately. Also it can depend on the area you live to the standard that some school work to even though all school should work and teach to the same high standard.

2. Describe the threats that exist to equality and diversity, using examples of intolerance and extremism from your own community (or a nearby town/city if your community is small).

Equality and diversity can be undermined because a group or an individual is intolerant towards others in society just because they are different or perceived to be different for example religious differences, ethnicity or gender. Those members of society who shows a lack of tolerance to differences in the community can be guilty of stereotyping which can then be the cause of direct and indirect discrimination, this in turn can cause the groups who are subjected to this diabolical behaviour to become socially excluded from the intolerant community. As these intolerant members of society feel they need to act in a certain way they become extremists, as it seems to be expected of them their actions and behaviours become much more extreme. These extreme actions and behaviour then cause the intolerant members of society to become more socially excluded as they are wary of the outsiders. In Bristol this year there was a social event called the Gay Pride, this is where gay people celebrate who they are and also to show many members of society they are proud of who and what they are. Although most of
society was not concern there was a minority that decided to march and show their disgust towards the gay members of society and were out just to cause trouble.

Once you have completed this Part of your Assessment, save the work you have done so far – you will need to send your work to your tutor for marking when you have completed all three Parts of this Assessment.

Part 3: Frameworks and support structures for ensuring equality and diversity

1. Research the range of support services and networks that exist within the local community to support diversity and explain the specific roles they carry out and the users they support. This task should be completed for each of the following:

a) Public sector organisations

Having made numerous telephone calls to organisations in Bristol I eventually spoke to a worker at Bristol Black Carers who informed me that the council stopped funding all the organisations over the past 5 – 10 years although these organisations do refer service users to the council and vice versa there are not many public sector organisations.

4YP Bristol for people age 13 – 24 they are able to gain advice and have access to sexual health issues including STI testing and treatment, counselling and emergency contraceptive treatment or free condoms and other services. The clinic is open 6 days a week as a walk in centre which is important as they do not turn people away and do not judge. The workers treat all information as confidential even if the young person is under the age of 16, the only time confidentiality is broken is if the worker feels that the young person is in danger. (http://www.4ypbristol.co.uk/about-4yp)

b) Charitable and voluntary organisations

Supportive parents are a charity that provides help and support to families
who have children with special educational needs. They support parent with special needs children range from age 0 – 19, their services range from explaining how the assessment process works to how your child will be monitored, they also advise the parent on what question they need to ask in meeting and understand the paperwork involved and also form filling. They also find it important to hold local support groups for parents and professional this encourages all involved to work closely in partnership to gain the best possible outcome for the children in need of help. (http://www.supportiveparents.org.uk)

One in eight is a charity and community project which has premises that consists of a charity shop, three class rooms and a drop/coffee room. There are a wide variety of project user which include single parents, elderly, homeless and people with mild mental health issues just to name a few. The services they offer are also very wide it can be just a listening ear for those who need to let off steam to advice concerning council housing, benefits, clothing and bedding for the homeless and a wide range of educational classes including art, information technology, languages and many more that are ran by volunteers. (http://www.oneineight.co.uk/)

CSV is a voluntary sector organisation funded by the local council to train volunteers to become parent mentors. The parent mentors are then matched with a service user that are struggling to cope with their daily routines, these families are visited once a week by the mentor who then will try and empower the parent/s to regain control of their whether it is debt problem, children’s challenging behaviours or encouraging the parent to become socially included rather than excluded. These can just doing as simple as a parenting group or going back into employment or education

c) Self-help groups

SISH (Self Injure Self Help) are a Bristol based community organisation that has been running for over 15 years who run self-help support groups for those people who feel the need to self-harm. There are a wide range of service users and these range from people who actively self-harming, people
dealing with the scaring from past self-harm to people who are worrying as they are having thoughts of self-harming. Others attend as they see different behaviour such as in the use of food and sex they say no matter the problem they should be able to help. They currently offer two self-support groups a week and these are held on a Monday and Tuesday. The Monday is a women only group and Tuesdays are mixed group. (www.sishbristol.org.uk/)

Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia Bristol support group are a collective group of suffers, carers and professionals that what to gain a greater knowledge and understanding to help and support people with these conditions. They hold a support group meeting roughly once a month. (www. http://sicklethal.org/)

Now that you have completed all three Parts of this Assessment, go to www.vision2learn.com and send your work to your tutor for marking.

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