Garbage disposal practices Chapter 1 Essay

Around the world for centuries, the buying and selling of food has been transacted in public market places open to all. In the broadcast definition, a public market is any place where buyers and sellers of food meet regularly for trade. From simple gatherings of farmers at country cross roads to 19th century cathedrals of glass and iron, market were once a primary channel of food distribution in cities both in the Philippines and abroad.

Where food is concerned, few shopping experiences compare to wandering a well-stocked public market, in either range of sensory impressions or in the texture of human interaction. From the rainbow colors of neatly ordered piles of fruits and vegetables to the sparkle and salty smell of fresh fish and sea food on ice, from the aroma of roasting coffee an fresh breads to the fleshly appeal of sausages, steaks and whole bones waiting to be butchered. The sights and smells of the foods for sale are completely different from a typical supermarket experience of prepackaged portions wrapped in plastic and foam. Similarly, each item in one’s market requires a different culture, providing a window in to different food traditions and filling the air with the music of languages. When the markets products are locally sourced, shopping at the market only provides rich and enjoyable experience for city shoppers, but also a channel of connection with the farms, fields, and seas outside the city provide this bounty of foodstuffs. Well obviously idealized, this mélange of sights, sounds, smells and activity describes the appeal of the public market.

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Public markets generate a variety of waste that must be managed properly to minimize public health risk and pollution of nearby creeks and rivers, and to improve the general cleanliness of the area for the benefit of the workers and customers. To reduce The amount of waste from public markets, solid waste should go to landfills; recycles should be collected; and biodegradable plant materials composted. Liquid waste should either be treated onsite in a wastewater treatment facility, or piped to a nearby centralized treatment facility. Many public markets merely have tanks, which only provide primary treatment and do not meet government standards for discharge into the environment. A wastewater treatment plant, whether onsite centralized, provides full treatment so the influent can safely be discharge into a water body or drainage system, or can be reused for street cleaning or flushing toilets.

Lagao Public market is most commonly visited by consumer from different neighboring towns in the city. And with lots of people coming by and by in the market it becomes untidy. Wastewater from the wet section usually contains fish entrails and scales, seafood shells, and waste scraps from poultry and meet cutting. The wastewater therefore contains high levels of suspended solids that must be screened and removed before it goes to the wastewater treatment plant. But the water treatment facility is in the city’s public wherein it is a mile away from Lagao public, and thinking that how could the wastewater can be sanitize if the treatment facility is far from Lagao public market. In overall observation, the Lagao public market needs more improvement from the LGU’s for sanitation is very important to the buyers or customers as well as to the sellers.

The researchers seek to study the disposal practices of Lagao Public Market for it is constantly affecting human health and the environment as well. Statement of the problem
This study aims to determine the garbage disposal practices of the Lagao Public Market. Specifically the researcher’s seek to answer the following questions: 1. What are the garbage disposal practices employed by the Lagao Public Market? 2. How effective are the garbage disposal practices employed by the Lagao Public Market? 3. What are the problems encountered by the Lagao Public Market in applying the garbage disposal practices?

Significance of the study
In undertaking this research on garbage disposal practices of Lagao Public Market, this research would be beneficial to the following: Consumer – This study is significant to the consumers in terms of their health and the safetiness of the goods they buy. Sellers – This study might be a big help for them to be aware on how to dispose their garbage’s properly. Future
Investor – It will encourage them to invest in the near future because of the knowledge about the Lagao Public Market. Community – It will help the community to have good income. City – This study might be a big help, by taxes of the sellers from the market. Scope and Limitation

The scope of the study focuses on the stall owners and sellers of Lagao Public Market. The researchers want to identify the garbage disposal practices of these stall owners and sellers. This study helps the stall owners and sellers to encourage more consumers to buy their products or goods knowing the safety and cleanliness of the surroundings of the stalls and the goods sold.

The study is limited to 20-30 stall owners and sellers of Lagao Public Market.

Definition of terms
The following are define for better understanding:
Public Market – this term refers to any place where buyers and sellers of food meet for trade. Garbage – this term refers to a food waste or unwanted or useless materials. Disposal – disposing of something; arrangement

Sanity – condition of being sane, or mental health
Wastewater treatment – it is uses microorganisms to break down complex materials present in the wastewater. Vendor – people selling something
Seller – a person who sells, or someone who promotes exchanges goods or services for money. Consumer – a buyer of goods and services.

Chapter 3
Research Design
What: Garbage disposal practices of Lagao Public Market
Who: 20-30 stall owners
When: School year 2013-2014
Where: Lagao Public Market (Round ball/Talipapa)

In conducting a descriptive study on garbage disposal practices of Lagao Public Market, the researchers want to know the sanity and cleanliness of the establishments around the market.
We all know public market is markets, in public spaces, where independent merchants can sell their products to the public. Typical products sold at public markets include fresh produce, baked goods; locally raise meats and various other food items. Public markets often emphasize foods; therefore we researchers want to ensure safety precautions of customer’s health. Note: cite the diff. practices describe the lagao public market scenario.

The data for this research were collected using a survey questionnaire. The survey was created using suitable questions modified from related research and individual questions formed by the researcher. The survey was comprised of three (3) questions, which were related to the participant’s perception regarding the garbage disposal practices of Lagao Public Market. In the questionnaire, rated scale was used to determine if the respondents agreed or disagreed in a statement.

Data Gathering Procedure
The first thing that the researchers did was to research sample, through researching from the internet and going to the library to get information from the books there and copy the idea. After the research sample the researchers did the first draft, and revised it twice for corrections. After the researcher finished the questionnaires, the researcher made two letters addressed to the respondents and to the Brgy. Captain of Lagao. The letters were checked and signed by the professor. After that the researcher went to the Lagao Public Market to distribute the questionnaires to the respondents. On the same day the researchers collected back the answered questionnaires. The next meeting the researchers tallied the result. Then the researchers found out that most of the respondents have their own trash bins in their designated area. The respondent says that it is moderate effective having own trash bins. The researchers found out that the problems they encountered in applying that garbage disposal practices is they have a poor drainage
that could result to flash floods. Sampling Method

Stratified Random Sampling is a method of sampling that involves the division of a population into smaller groups known as strata. The strata are formed based on member’s shared attributes or characteristics. A random sample from each stratum is taken in a number proportional to the stratum’s size when compared to the population. These subsets of the strata are then pooled to form a random sample. Legend:

n = sample sizeN = total population e = margin of error
Formula: n = N
n = 140
n = 140
n = 140
n = 124 is the sample size of the study
NOTE: Only 80

Statistical treatment
The results of this study will be treated by percentage method and weighted mean. Percentage method distinguishes between cross-controlling area data, which you maintain in an overhead structure and controlling-area related data, such as base cost elements, overhead and credit objects. The method is an arrangements of the values that one or more variables taken in a sample. Each entry in the table contains the frequency or count of the occurrences of values with in a particular group or interval, and in this way, the table summarizes the distribution of values in the sample. Weighted mean is an average computed by giving different weights to some of the individual values. If all the weights are equal, then the weighted mean is the same as arithmetic mean.


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