In the period between 650 C. E. and 1750 C. E. , the Indian Ocean region endured both change and continuity. One continuity is simply trade, for this 1,100 years the Indian Ocean was an important trading zone. One change in Indian Ocean trade over those years was which country dominated trade there. Over those years the Indian Ocean was controlled by the Indians, the Arabs, the Chinese, and last but not least the Europeans.
There was continuity and change in trade in the Indian Ocean over the aforementioned years. In the Indian Ocean from 650 C. E. and 1750 C. E. there have been many continuities in commerce. One such continuity was the goods traded. For instance, spices from India and Indonesia such as black pepper were traded constantly to other countries throughout this period. Luxury products such as ebony, silk and fine textiles were also commonly traded in the Indian Ocean. Another example of continuity would be that although no one country always dominated trade in the Indian Ocean the Indians and Indonesians were involved with trade to varying degrees throughout this entire time period. Whether it be through their products being traded, receiving goods from other countries, or doing the trading themselves, they were always involved in trade. One more example of continuity was how Indian ocean trade stayed so important over the years.
Almost all major world powers did trading in the Indian ocean, Europe for instance went to great lengths to find a better trade root between the Atlantic and Indian ocean. The desire to trade in the Indian ocean region is actually what caused Europeans to discover the Americas. The Europeans were looking for a sea rout to get to Asia without going all the way around Africa, so they tried to go around the world, not knowing yet of the Americas existence. Their desire to trade urged them to explore new frontiers.