What is Family Planning? It is the practice of deciding the number of children in a family and the intervals between their births. What are the several methods of Family Planning? The several methods of family planning which the couple can choose from: A. Methods using biological/medical barriers B. Chemical Barriers C. Mechanical Barriers A. Methods using biological/medical barriers 1. Female Surgical Sterilization (Tubal Ligation)
The woman undergoes an operation by which the fallopian tubes are cut and tied to block the passage of the egg from the ovaries. . Male Surgical Sterilization (Vasectomy) It is a minor surgical operation which involves the cutting and tying of the vas deferens to prevent the passage of sperm into the vagina during sexual intercourse. 3. Hysterectomy This is the major surgery wherein the uterus is removed. After this surgery, the woman will no longer menstruate and cannot become pregnant. After this surgery, the woman will no longer menstruate and cannot become pregnant. Hysterectomy is done only in cases where the woman’s uterus is damaged or injured. B. Chemical Barriers 1. The Pill
The pill is small tablet which contains synthetic hormones which prevent ovulation. The pill is taken orally at a dosage of one tablet every day. Missing a pill increases the chance of pregnancy. 2. Depot Medroxy-Progesterone Acetate or DMPA This is administered by injection to a woman every three months by a doctor or nurse. C. Mechanical Barriers 1. Condom It is a thin cylindrical sheath made of synthetic rubber or similar material which is worn tightly over the male sex organ during sexual intercourse. It prevents the meeting of the sperm and the egg cell. 2.
Intrauterine Device (IUD) The IUD is a small plastic object about 2. 5 centimeters in diameter and with a nylon tail. It is inserted into the uterus through the cervix by a doctor or a trained medical technician. It prevents the implantation of the fertilized ovum. 3. Diaphragm It is a thin rubber cap which covers the cervix and prevents the sperm from the entering the womb. A woman who wants to use a diaphragm must first consult a physician who examines her to find the right size. It always put in place before every sexual intercourse and should not be removed until six hours after.