Racial Discrimination in Congo
We live in a world surrounded by many different people from various different cultures. Our culture is composed of many influences. It tells about our social upbringing that how we are bought up and what we actually say good or bad. This research mainly aimed at finding out whether racial discrimination anywhere in this society is right or wrong. This thesis tells us that colonialism had its impact in United States in terms of racial discrimination. Any sort of discrimination regarding race creed or color is truly unacceptable.
Racial Discrimination in Congo
What is race discrimination?
Racial discrimination is one of the most unethical ways of disrespecting a person’s integrity on basis of his cast, creed or color. This discrimination is an unfair mean of degrading people within surroundings & this has been a concern through out the global boundaries accessible by humans. This means of unfair treatment can be illegal.
Several examples have been observed across the country, from offices to localities, public places to private houses, people have been ignored, neglected and treated in an unfair manner due to their cast, color or creed even if they are exceptionally talented and worthy to work along. They are offered dirty jobs which are either unacceptable for them or even if they accept these jobs they are not treated in ethically according to laws defined. (Anti-discrimination Committee 2003)
Fight for civil rights have always been a debatable discussion and every African American has been part of it, this way or other. Ralph Bunche, the Noble Prize winner is one of the black Americans who show the native, fair minded Americans, that even black men contribute a lot to American society by all possible means. (Urquhart, 2008)
Ralph Bunche, son of a barber was born on August 7th, 1903 in Detroit, Ralphs mother was a housewife. His mother died when Ralph was 14 years of age, his father abandoned his family long before his mother died. Ralph than moved to Los Angeles, California and lived there with his grand mother who was an intellectual. Ralph was highly inspired by her personality. After his graduation from California University, he moved to Harvard where he studied on scholarship for his post graduate program. (Urquhart, 2008)
Bunche took an active part against the racial discrimination within the country. He was determined to end this discrimination; he studied colonial Africa & concluded that colonialism had its impact in the United States in terms of racial discrimination. His efforts were to end the impacts of both colonialism and rational discrimination from roots of the United State.
Bunche has shown special efforts in eradicating the racial discrimination from minds of native fair people; his work is obvious when we see the political science department at Harvard & the University of Black in Washington. He was also one of the pioneers who studied colonialism in United States; Ralph worked as a chief associate & co writer & played a major role in landmark of 1944, study of relations in U.S race. (Urquhart, 2008)
Bunche continued his services for United States of America, during Second World War when he was recruited by the government to advice on Africa and was than moved to State department where he worked for United States charter. The only black official in State Department drafted two chapters during San Francisco Conference in 1945 on non self governing colonies & this started to heat up the acceleration for decolonization in the country as the war ends. (Urquhart, 2008)
Ralph Bunche worked without taking personal credit, he believes in getting things done in a proper manner according to the circumstances. His commitment and dedication and no interest in self appraisal is quiet obvious from his refusal to Noble Peace Prize once. His work claims him as one of the best public servant, who played a vital role in liberating millions of American Africans from the colonial way of living, of the last century. (Urquhart, 2008)
Even countries like Russia are violating laws, which include racial discrimination as well, it was highlighted when Georgia filed an application in the International court of Justice, and she claims that Russia has violated International Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. This clearly indicates that there has been an increase in number of such human right cases which are taken to International courts. (Clarke, 1961)
Her argument is that the government body and all the related people are involved in a violation of CERD, articles 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, and she justifies her argument by saying that since 1990 Russia has charged of “Ethnic Cleansing” in three different phases of its domain.
Another leader who has played an important role in the lives of Afro- American is Patrice Lumumba who proved himself as a dynamic leader during Belgian colonial rule. Provided favorable circumstances, he could have been one of the most tactful leaders ever in the history of twentieth century leaders. He started his political career with a pro western style & attitude from his outlook. (Clarke, 1961)
His attitude & several other gestures showed his hatred for Belgians and it was obvious from his believes which assures him that paternalism is the base of authority within Belgian. He was found conflicting with several other Congo Politicians on different objectives. One of his great achievements was to survive with only few flaws in initial months of independence of Congo and to maintain this unstable new state in a manner healthy and cultivating for its citizen.
The life of Patrice Lumumba has somewhat proved the he was an offshoot of the best and the worst of the Belgian colonial rule. If the circumstances would have been more favorable, he could have been a shrewder and a tyrant leader of the twentieth century. (Clarke, 1961)
He was drastically and deliberately suppressed quite prematurely, ever before he could actually develop into a more effective leader for which he was indubitably capable of. In the emergence of Congo, Patrice was an icon, no less than a bright star taking his attributes in the light of the modern history. He was deeply inspired by Dr. Nkrumah, for him he was a hero, and the model for his state was Ghana.
In the threshold of his political career he had some what a western frame in his mind and was quite pro-western in his political outlook. In the beginning of 1960, he once said “Mistakes have been made in Africa in the past, but we are ready to work with the powers which have been in Africa to create a powerful new bloc” he also said if his efforts for the emancipation ever failed, it would due to the fault of the west. (Clarke, 1961)
If we take Patrice as a reformer you would realize he had a republican approach, as he quotes “Our need is to democratize all our institutions” further reiterating on this idea that Church and the state will never get along together, therefore, he suggested to make the Church autonomous and should have no say in the administrative matters of the state. Also, the authoritative power and those extra privileges should be withdrawn from the traditional chieftains who he thought to be a threat to the politics of the new nation. (Clarke, 1961)
We said in the adaptation of socialism and would emphasis on drastic improvement in the overall condition of life which would actually give the true depiction of independence. Patrice dislike for the Belgian authority could never show any result, that seemed to be an outcome of his belief that proper guidance to the people on what is right and it’s applicable and what is wrong should be excluded, was actually the bases of his political ideas.
The Belgians on the other hand, through their missionary structure were trying to attempt to enforce Christianity on Congo, he was subjected to both catholic and protestant mission, but never showed any affection for either of the two. Though he was a Christian himself, he never showed any sign of his ambitions being tormented on pretext of religion. For Patrice, rebellion was more remunerating and less wounding to his pride. (Clarke, 1961)
During his extensive and solitary appearance from an oppressive environment to the first Prime Minister of Congo, he would taught himself never to fully count or trust on the power which are in the hands of others. This manifestation was quite imminent when he showed that there was an element of mistrust between him and the United Nation forces that were operating in Congo.
Patrice was the only Congolese leader with a national following, a point too often overlooked. Nevertheless, his greatest achievement was in sustaining the solidarity of a politically ambiguous coalition government at a very difficult time of Congo’s independence. (Clarke, 1961)
We are unable to track a way to overcome this blindness which prevails within blood throughout, this inherited racism has deep impact on life’s of African American who has always tried to meet up to the expectation marks of fair people. These African people has played an important role in American history, according to historians almost fifty million African lost their souls during Atlantic slave trade. Even in this modern era, where people are more educated, literate and involved in tech savvy digitization material, they are still unable to escape this socio-cultural, economical & political domination due to color, customs and creed.
When it comes to history, Africans had a real poor record, about two hundred forty four years of slavery with almost hundred year of white terror. Supremacy of white’s has shaped within the region and has been part of all history & academic books within the country & it has played a major role in influencing white people to further strengthen these racial discrimination concerns. (Cone, 1998)
The Elimination of Racial Discrimination in its 41st session decided to design a prospectus which develop a plan to stay alert in the initial phase for concerns that creates potential circumstances that exaggerate this racial discrimination within people. These early alerts can help in creating awareness to existing problems and conflicts that can result in racial tolerance which is a need. (Anonymous, 1998)
Congo people are ready to participate against racism on basis of mutual trust with government in the global alliance program; this program tends to overcome the fear that has been inherited in their blood for centuries by engaging them in different activities which can result in personal security and satisfaction along with diversity i.e. promoted within them. (World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, 2007)
Another example that states the racial discrimination within history is about Pygmies in Congo, who interacted & collaborated with neighboring farmers for centuries i.e. before colonial period, but things changed sarcastically after the last war, Pygmies became a resource for other group and is being treated in an un ethical and an improper manner and according to local research groups it has been proven that no one cares for these pygmies even to a minor extent. (Barume 2000)
Racial discrimination is one of the factors that has inherited its roots within blood and is been forwarded from each generation to next throughout the history. Certain steps should be taken to eradicate this discrimination concern and these steps may involve social workshops & cultural seminars where people from different background, cast, color & creed set together and are given an opportunity to discuss their concerns openly, so that others understand and try to resolve it.
Anti-discrimination Committee (2003), “What is race discrimination?”
http://www.adcq.qld.gov.au/pubs/racial.html Accessed March 3, 2009
Barume 2000, “Chicago journals” http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/full/10.1086/498953?cookieSet=1 Accessed March 3, 2009
Cone.J (1998) “The Religious Cancer of Racism http://jmm.aaa.net.au/articles/16694.htm Accessed March 3, 2009
Clarke.J (1961), “The Passing of Patrice Lumumba http://www.africawithin.com/clarke/passing_of_patrice_lumumba.htm Accessed March 3, 2009
Anonymous (1988), “UNITED NATIONS Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination: Urgent Action Decision 1(53) concerning Australia” http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/AILR/1998/42.html Accessed March 3, 2009
Anonymous (2007), “World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, Durban” http://www.ngocongo.org/index.php?what=resources&id=10130 Accessed March 3, 2009
Urquhart .B (2008), “Ralph Johnson Bunche: Scholar and Statesman” http://www.america.gov/st/diversity-english/2008/December/20090106142247jmnamdeirf0.554104.html Accessed March 3, 2009