Reality subject object
The Historical View of Reality:
The speculative view of reality has now developed. The notion that individuality is an essential aspect of all that is rare has been previously advanced by Leibniz in his history of monads. The peculiar feature of individuality is not limited mankind but is found in all living beings in nature. The evolutionary process itself is but an example of historical character of life, displaying ever new variety and individuality so the old belief in a fixed, absolute order of nature with processes monotonously following unchanging laws was really a thing of the past, belonging indeed to the historic era of Newtonian physics. Subsequently the new notion gained some corroboration from the Einstein theory of relativity, which showed how time could not be ignored even in the purely physical description of nature (Friedel Weinert, 2004).
It seemed therefore to follow from all that was being learned in science and history that there is no absolute and permanent reality but that change history, and time are essential to all that is ever known. The historical character of reality was thus conspicuous in the universe, manifest both in the life of man and in the course of nature.
Thus, revolution was taking place in modern thought, comparable, perhaps, to those inaugurated by Descartes and Kant. Nature was conceived as changing in time and not as a fix system or perfect mechanism of law. Phenomena appeared in time and time affects them all. Furthermore, men had become accustomed to “naturalism”, thinking of phenomena and nature without the Kantian beyond nature or any ultimate, transcendent reality. Nature is all there is and it is identical with what men commonly call reality. Hence reality itself was thought of an essentially historical and temporal in character (Lincoln Barnett, 1957).
Time is of the essence of being and is included in it. From the days of Plato onwards, philosophy has pursued an ideal of permanent being or substance beyond time and change, and time and change had been regarded as ultimately real themselves but only appearances due to man’s limited existence and the transient world of sense. The abandonment of Platonic view of reality or being, along with the inclusion of time and historical aspects in the very concept of reality, constituted a veritable revolution of thought (The Philosopher’s Lighthouse, 1998).
What is Reality?
We are standing at roof-top of a 12 storey building. We see people walking on the road and they appear like ants to us. We see two lines and instantly draw conclusion that one line is slightly longer than the other where in reality those two lines were of exact same length. Those people who appear to us of size of an ant are not exactly what they appear to us. The things our mind often perceives as is not what it is at all. Reality differs quite a lot from what we are left to believe by our own conscious mind.
Reality by a simple definition is anything that is real, anything that can or cannot be explained with facts or anything that can or cannot be understood or perceived or touched, but actually does exists in this universe. The stars we see on a cloudless night, we see them we admire their bright light spread all over the sky. Centuries ago, people were of view that stars shine with their own light; it was the perception at that time but not the reality, until it was proven with facts that these tiny shiny dots have no light of their own but take it from sun. In a simple way, the world we live in is what it is regardless of how we perceive it. In its wildest sense, reality is what exists whether or not it is observable or understandable.
Imagine that you go to a garden, and there you see a flower and using all your senses, your mind processes the information input by your senses and perceives this flower you see as a red rose, but since you have flu you cannot smell the fragrance of this rose. You touch it and it feels soft. Now another person sees the same rose but he is color blind but can smell it all right and can feel it alright but for him, the color of that rose is a shade of grey. So in reality, rose is red and soft and also has a very sweet strong smell.
We can both look at a flower and say that it’s a lovely shade of pink but that’s just putting a handy label on an object, it does not convey anything about our perception of it. My reality is different from reality of every other individual on this planet. Any connection between realities of any two individual is purely a coincidence. Perception of all mankind cannot be unified to reality of this universe.
What is Subject and Object?
Subject refers to anything that comprises of a biased occurrence, prejudiced perception or an association with any other individual or an object. A major factor that differs a subject from object is that a subject can be one who is observing or in other words an observer can be the subject, while on the other hand, object would be categorized anything that is being observed. The quick difference among subject and object matches up to the peculiarity, in the philosophy, the same difference that is connecting thought and extension. It is believed that contemplation or subjectivity was of the spirit of the psyche, and that extension, the activity of freedom, was of the spirit of substance.
Now if we talk about what does object mean in philosophical terms. Object can be termed as anything that can be seen or observed. Here object can be divided into a vast category; it could a living thing or a non living thing. For a layman to understand the concept of object, we can define is a noun. In everyday practice, the expression has somewhat like this result, but not as intense. Thus objects can be any things starting from the landscapes, any number or digits, a superstition, any phobia or any living legend. Therefore, object can be anything or everything that a person can think of or even talk about (Edwin Abbot Abbot, 1950).
In a further limited logic, an object is somewhat that can have any good or bad traits and put up with any kind of dealings to or with the other objects. On this description, traits and associations, plus intentions are not incorporated along with objects, but are clearly in comparison with them, as declining into a diverse reasonable type. Adding further to this, objects will not include any kind of irregular objects but only the bodies that may be physical situated somewhere in the space and time. Objects are frequently just the substance things, or may just be the lifeless matter things such as heavenly bodies like electrons, neutrons or protons (H Gene Blocker, 1974).
The Subject and Object Relation:
As mentioned earlier, the object and subject are related to one another in all senses. Their affiliation can be established on all altitudes of reality. May it be a sub atomic entity or a cosmic entity. The relation can be explained using various examples. If we talk on sub-atomic level, the theory observes the proton as the subject of the electron. Adding more to this it perceives male animals as the subjects of their feminine corresponding thing. In the human being civilization male are noticed as the subject and the females are tend to be seen as the objects (Italo Calvino, 1976).
An object responds only when the subject starts off a communication by using its thoughts. On the advanced stages the borderline among subject and object turn out to be less and lesser noticeable. Particularly in the human being territory anyone can be the originator and anyone can be in the reactive place. Consequently the splitting up of the man being the subject and the woman being the object is further an initial position rather than a flatten regulation that presides over the correlation. This obviously does not mean that at some point weaker components of the male society might create exploitation to the perception to strengthen their position.
A pleasant-sounding linking in connecting the subject and the object, concentrate on a universal purpose, is perceived as the foundation of all survival and expansion. A superior connection upholds an advantageous state of affairs or carries concerning a fresh improvement. The collapse of this association involves anguish and devastation (Nick Herbert, 1987).
The Problem in Subject-Object Relationship:
The subject-object dilemma is a venerable theoretical question. It occurs from the concept that the universe is compromised of objects, the entities that are being observed which are apparent or else proceeded ahead by subjects, who are obviously the observers of those entities. Now the statement raises a lot of questions as in how to associate the objects with the subjects.
Let’s walk through an example to further clear our concepts for the relation between subject and object. For example, consider the following statement “I manage you, I motivate you, I lead you,
I teach you”. Here two people are being addressed, “you” and “I”. Quite confusing, whose who, whose doing what? What is “you” doing in all these sentences? I am managing, motivating, leading and teaching. What are ‘you’ doing? This is called a subject-object relation in which we take our actions as individually created actions which are then answered by other individually created actions. Subject-object relations are originated on each and every one stage of continuation. The fundamental opinion concerning this connection is that the subject commences and object acts in response. Anyone can be the initiator and anyone can be the responder.
From any aspect of life, reality can be defined as anything that can be touched or can be felt or seen physically. We actually dream about things, but that is not a reality, that is something we have thought and that is all in our mind. To bring things to reality a person needs to believe that thoughts become actions. For example when a molecule comes to exist or any chemical bond is formed, it happens through the give and take action of electrons and protons. This action is called fusion and some energy is required to bring about this action.
The Philosopher’s Lighthouse. 1998. Plato’s Thoughts on Reality. Retrieved on 16th December’ 08 from http://library.thinkquest.org/18775/plato/realp.htm.
Weinert, Friedel. 2004. The Scientist as Philosopher. Published by Springer.
Calvino, Italo. 1976. Cosmicomics. Publisher: Harvest Books
Barnett, Lincoln. 1957. The Universe and Dr. Einstein. Publisher: William Morrow
Blocker, H Gene. 1974. Introduction to Philosophy. Publisher: Van Nostrand
Herbert, Nick. 1987. Quantum Reality: Beyond the New Physics. Publisher: Anchor
Abbot, Edwin Abbot. 1950. Flatland; a Romance of Many Dimensions. Published by Barnes & Noble