After the end of the First World War on November 18, 1918, an ideological war was still taking place in the United States. Regarded as the Red Scare, which began in 1919 and ended in 1921, it has provoked mass paranoia on American territory (Burnett ). Basically, it was the label used to refer to the race uprisings, the actions of legislation, and the persecution and hatred of conscientious and subversive objectors during the period.
Generally, during this period, all groups that opposed the concluded war were beleaguered, as they were perceived as obstructive to the security and peace of the American nation. Civil liberties were neglected, innocent citizens were locked up for conveying their views, and countless Americans panicked that a Russia’s Bolshevik-style revolution was within reach (Burnett).
As a consequence of the apprehensions, a series of bombings transpired in the country, and the Socialist was directly accused to be responsible. Throughout the period, a nationwide concern of anarchists, socialists, communists, and other dissidents unexpectedly took hold of the American mind following the said events.
Consequently, the focus of the government assaults was no longer on regular objectors, given that it had shifted to the Socialist groups. One approach that the government used to harass the members of these groups was through the exploitation of the Espionage Act of 1918. The government had arbitrarily enforced the law in order to relieve the country of unwanted radicals, and in view of the vague language of the law, the Justice Department has accordingly convicted thousands of people (Arnesen, 2006, p.116).
Nonetheless, the Red Scare ran its course and it was basically over by the summer of 1921, when a series of actions by high government officials demonstrated opposition against the extreme anti-radical tactics of the Attorney General. Finally, following the long conflicts of the World War and the Red Scare, the country and its citizens were able to turn its collective interest to more trouble-free pursuits.
Arnesen, E. (2006). Encyclopedia of U.S. Labor and Working-class History. United States: CRC Press.
Burnett, P. (n.d.). The Red Scare. UMKC School of Law. Retrieved May 26, 2009, from http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/Saccov/redscare.html