Reseach on Sterilization and the Barbershop Essay

KWAME NKRUMAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY KUMASI-GHANA COLLEGE OF HEALTH SCIENCES FACULTY OF ALLIED HEALTH DEPARTMENT OF NURSING KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES OF STERILIZATION OF BARBERING INSTRUMENTS AMONG BARBERS IN KNUST COMMUNITY A DISSERTATION PRESENTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF NURSING, FACULTY OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES AS A REQUIREMENT IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT FOR THE AWARD OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE DEGREE (BSc. ) IN NURSING BY ARHIN ARTHUR EMMANUEL PENNEY SAM DENNIS MAY, 2011 DECLARATION

We, the undersigned students do hereby declare that, the findings of this study compiled in this script are genuine information which has not been presented to any person or group of persons elsewhere for another Bachelor Degree in Nursing, however due recognition has been given to authors whose works have been cited. …………………………….. ………………………… VICTORIA BAM (MRS)DATE (Head of Department) ………………………………. ………………………… PROF. DORIS KHALILDATE (Supervisor) Submitted by: ARHIN ARTHUR EMMANUEL (Index number-1436907) ……………………………. …………………………. DATE PENNEY SAM, DENNIS (Index number- 1439507) ……………………………………………………….. DATE DEDICATION This research is dedicated to the Almighty God and our significant others for their support. Abstract Introduction: From the authors’ observations, there is no written information available about barbers’ practices in relation to the prevention of infections in Ghana. It is widely known in Ghana that barbers are not given institutional training and license to practice.

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This may affect their knowledge and attitudes towards the practices of safe decontamination procedures as well as how to prevent infection transmission in the barbershops Aim and objective of the study: This study sought to assess the basic knowledge and practices of sterilization of instruments in the barbering shops in KNUST Community Study design: This study is a descriptive cross-sectional survey whereby data was obtained by interview using a structured questionnaire. Population and samples: All barbers operating within KNUST community was used, out of this population, 10 barbers were chosen for the study.

Methods of data collection: Open and closed ended questionnaire was used to collect data. Results: Respondents were all males. Majority of them had at least primary education. Most of them had knowledge on infection transmission in the barbershop. 90% of them do not practice hand hygiene during barbering. Finally, majority of them do not know how to decontaminate barbering instruments correctly Conclusions: The risk of infection transmission in the barbershops interviewed was high. All the barbers do not have institutional training which may affect their knowledge, practices of sterilization and infection prevention in the barbershop.

Training of barbers and health education strategies directed to the barbershops are needed to improve barbers’ awareness on infection prevention and good sterilization practices. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Undertaking this study reminded the authors that, researchers and authors’ work requires a lot of time and encounter with solitude. Sustaining our energy and enthusiasm for this research would have been impossible without the support, help, inspiration, and contributions of certain key institutions and personalities. We acknowledge them with our warmest gratitude.

God the author of life for giving us life, wisdom and strength to carry out the study. Lecturers of the Nursing Department of KNUST and most especially to our research supervisor, Professor Doris Khalil for their inspirational guidance on how to carry out the study. Committee on human research, publications and ethics for approving our work. Barbers operating within KNUST main campus for their cooperation and support in responding to our questionnaires. Finally we wish to acknowledge the authors of the various textbooks, journals and research works from which relevant information on our study was acquired.

 Educational background of barbersMarital status of barbersBarbers years of experience Barbers knowledge of diseases that can be transmitted in the barbershop Transmission of skin diseases in the barbershop Barbers knowledge on route of transmission of hepatitis B,C and HIV/AIDS Barbers opinion on prevention of hepatitis B,C and HIV/AIDS Barbers view on the need for institutional training Barbers source of knowledge on instrument sterilizationBarbers basic understanding of sterilizationPossibility of complete sterilization of barbering instrumentBarbers’ view on the importance of inspection of their ork by public health personnelComplaints from customers concerning the use of the same barberingBarbers’ basic knowledge on risk factors for disease transmission in the barbershopRisk factors that expose customers to diseases in the barbershop Occurrence of accidental cut in the barbershopBarbers preference for securing the safety of customersPractice of hand washing among barbersPractice of customers bringing their own clippers, blades, and combs to the barbershopBarbers view on the importance of sterilization of instrument in the barbershopCleaning solutions used in the barbering shopBasic practices of sterilization in the barbershopInstrument that are sterilized by barbersChallenges barbers encounter during sterilization | 252526272829303132323334353637373839404142424343|

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