Since the prohibition area the world has been dealing with Social Institution and Organized crimes. Social Institution is considered to be a group of people who, has come together for a common purpose. Most of these groups can be founded in one’s neighborhood. So it is something that a person grows up and lives around. In this paper I will attempt to talk about social institution what it is and how it applies to organized crime. Depending on the institution their goals and task can be good or bad. As a kid in my neighborhood social institution came in many forms such as High school bands, Football, Boys Scotts, skate board clubs, bike clubs, Fraternities and Sororities just to name a few. As you can see there are so many ways that a person came become a part of a social institution but when it comes to organized crime there are a lot of groups that have been around for a long time and sometimes you really don’t have a choice about being a part of the group or not. Some of these criminal organizations prey on kids that are less fortunate or someone who is caught up in a bad situation or maybe the person just want to belong to something and feel important and loved.
These types of groups are the Mafia, Columbian Drug Cartel, Chinese Triads, Vice lords, Gangster Disciples and Crips these are groups that are very criminal mined and will not allow anyone or anything to stop them from reaching their goals. Just about every social institution have something in common which is, they are all based on structure and functions and the roles that each member plays in the organization (Lyman, 2007) It is safe to say that Organized crime threatens, a person’s way of life. It also violates human rights and undermines economics, and laws that has been set in place to protect hard working Americans who goes out and slave at a nine to five job and struggles to provide for their families and the development of societies around the world.
Organized crime manifests in many forms, including as trafficking in drugs, firearms and even persons. At the same time, organized crime groups exploit human mobility to smuggle migrants and undermine financial systems through money laundering. The vast sums of money involved can compromise legitimate economies and directly impact public processes by ‘buying’ elections through corruption. It has high profits for its culprits and results in high risks for individuals who fall victim to it. Every year, countless individuals lose their lives at the hand of criminals involved in organized crime, weather it is to drug-related health problems or injuries inflicted by firearms, or losing their lives as a result of the harmful methods and motives of human traffickers and smugglers of migrants.
Organized crime has diversified, gone global and reached macro-economic proportions: illicit goods may be sourced from one continent, trafficked across another, and marketed in a third. Transnational organized crime can permeate government agencies and institutions, fuelling corruption, infiltrating business and politics, and hindering economic and social development. And it is undermining governance and democracy by empowering those who operate outside the law. There are a lot of theories that co-inside to organized crime, on the way we learn about organized crime and how it operates and why. Two of the main theories to me that best teaches us about organized are the Empirical and Speculative theories.
These theories help law enforcement and society to understand the different elements in the criminal organizations and its behavior. The theories argue the facts and statistics it also assist law enforcements in different ways. It also helps with learning the characteristics, mannerisms, and the area in which a particular organization handles most of their criminal activities. In conclusion social institution and organized crime means that criminal networks forge bonds across borders as well as overcome cultural and linguistic differences in the commission of their crime. Organized crime is not stagnant, but adapts as new crimes emerge and as relationships between criminal networks become both more flexible, and more sophisticated, with ever-greater reach around the globe.
Lyman, M.D & Potter, G.W. (2007). Organized Crimes (4th ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ