The Use of Facebook among Undergraduate Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology (KICT) Students in International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) English for Academic Writing 7th August 2012 Abstract The objective of this study is to explore the benefits of using Facebook on the activities done and information shared on Facebook. The data are collected using a questionnaire distributed to 90 undergraduate students of Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology (KICT) from International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). The questionnaire contains the inquiry on how the use of Facebook can benefit students.
The result of this study is important to measure the type of activities done and information sharing on Facebook that can benefit the students and others. This research found that the respondents have a variety of activities done and variety type of information shared on the Facebook. The good activities and information sharing among KICT students is important to make sure that the use of Facebook among students can benefit themselves and others. Keywords: Facebook , type of activities, type of information sharing, benefit Table of Content Contents| Page| Abstract| 2| Table of Content| 3| Introduction| 4|
Literature Review| 8| Methodology| 9| Findings and Discussion| 11| Conclusion and Recommendation| 15| References| 16| | | Appendices 1. Introduction 2. 1 Background of study Social networking sites (SNSs) such as Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, Myspace, Bebo, Linkedln and many more have become a popular topic among us. Without anyone realizing, almost everyone will talk about SNS in their daily life. There are hundreds of SNSs that support a wide range of interests, focus and practices. For instance, Foursquare focuses on location based on mobile social network and Facebook, Twitter and Myspace are basically focuses on general.
In addition, Facebook is the leading site for personal use while Linkedln is the leading site for business use. The most popular SNS is Facebook that has millions of active users. Facebook allows user to share and get connected all over the world. User may interact with people they may know offline and meet new people online. Besides, there are objects on the Facebook that user can interact with such as pages, groups, events, community pages, digital games on Facebook and so forth. User can find people that share common interests like hobbies, favourite music, television and others on the Facebook virtual groups.
User will have their own personal profile and “friends” who can post comments, view each other’s profile and so on. Besides, there is also functionality like private messages, update status, “Like”, “Comment” and “Poke” friends. A life without Facebook is very difficult for students because that is the only way for them to communicate with other people, share and talk more about their experiences and emotions. One of the wonderful features on Facebook is “Share” that enables all type of information like latest issues, news, university activities, entertainments, notes, web links, photos and videos is spread widely through the Facebook.
According to Sharifah, Siti, Jusang & Mohd (2011), “Facebook seems to be a strong attraction for students to go online because the web support the motivations like self-discovery, social enhancement, and interpersonal connectivity for them to join the site” (p. 96). Students can learn by what their friends share and other people posts on their wall. This can be called learn by a self-discovery where the students are free to discover new knowledge and gain experience from that. In addition, research by Sharifah et al. (2011, p. 02) stated that, students tend to share information on Facebook due to save time and money as well as the fastest way to share information with others. Thus, people have variety of activities that can be done on Facebook as well as the opportunity to interact with other users, get new information and share to the others. Because of that, this study helps to explore the activities done and information sharing of undergraduate Kulliyyah of Information & Communication Technology (KICT) students on Facebook. This study will focus on the use of Facebook among undergraduate KICT students in International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM).
The targeted users that will answer the questionnaire are the undergraduate students of KICT that consists of two major courses which are Computer Science (CS) and Information Technology (IT). The questionnaire will be distributed on the required courses through Google Docs on KICT groups on Facebook. 2. 2 Statement of the problem Facebook is part of our daily life routines. Facebook users can have their own personal profile, meet friends online, make private chatting with anybody, attach files to other users, and get notification functions that display the update issues or news.
Furthermore, users can join groups organized by individuals, workplaces, schools, or colleges that shared similar interests (Roblyer, McDaniel, Webb, Herman & Witty, 2010). User can share and post useful information on status, friends’ Wall post, private messages or the relevant group. This will advantage the students because they will be sharing useful information and gaining knowledge from that. However, Breslin & Decker declared that: Instead, users often connect to others for no other reason than to boost the number of friends they have in their profiles.
Many more browse other users’ profiles simply for curiosity’s sake. These explicitly established connections become increasingly meaningless because they aren’t backed up by common objects or activities. (2007, p. 87) It shows that user is not usually using Facebook for sharing common interest and knowledge but has other intentions that are not needed and good for them. It is unbeneficial to the user plus wasting time on using Facebook. Nevertheless, there are a small number of researchers carried out on the use of Facebook among IIUM students.
Thus, it is important for the researcher to determine the advantages of using Facebook among students, especially IIUM students. 2. 3 Objective/s of the study The objective of the study is to investigate: * the benefits of using Facebook by determine the type of activities done and information that being shared on Facebook among undergraduate KICT students. 2. 4 Research questions The researcher has studied on the use of Facebook among students and come out with two research questions. The research questions of this study are: i.
What type of activities that are being done among KICT students on Facebook? ii. What type of information that being shared on Facebook among KICT students? 2. 5 Definition of terms Facebook environment can be divided into four which are the profiles, walls, news feed and applications (Robertson, Yin & Bo, 2010, p. 437). The profile may contain some basic information of the user. The user may set their profile page to be private or public to other users. The users’ friends may write on the user Wall post and tagging other friends that they want or know. The user can comment and like the Wall post.
Other than that, news feed will display the latest status or Wall post made by his or her friends. Lastly, the applications on Facebook can be use by any user. The types of applications are music, game play, videos, horoscopes and others. The example of game play applications are SimCity, Cafe World and FarmVille. 2. Literature Review The use of Facebook in education learning is not a new practice by lecturers. Education learning using Facebook is being implemented as the technology arises. Furthermore, the current college students grew up in a technology era and SNS is just part of students’ daily routines.
According to Mazer, Murphy and Simonds (2007), Teacher use of Facebook provides a unique perspective to the current computer-mediated communication (CMC) literature. With large numbers of students and teachers using this virtual social network as a medium of communication, it is important to understand how students use and make sense of specific social networks. Besides, According to Stollak, Vandenberg, Burklund and Weiss stated that, “The University of New Hampshire said that a majority of students use social networking for social connections and entertainment, but are also using it for education and professional reasons. (2011). Similarly, current thinking agrees that education learning using Facebook can be implemented among students as this medium is widely used and convenient for a lecturer and students to gain extra information and knowledge. Hence, it highlights on the benefit of using Facebook in education learning. 3. Methodology 3. 1 Research Method The researcher conducts the study by using quantitative research method. The survey method used to achieve the objectives of this study by distributing the questionnaire among undergraduate KICT students.
On 27th to 29th July 2012, the questionnaire was conducted among undergraduate KICT students through SNS, Facebook. The questionnaire will be posted on three groups on Facebook that are specifically for KICT students. The respondents can answer the survey 24 hours within the three days. 3. 2 Sample The sample of this study focuses on the undergraduate KICT students, IIUM which have two major courses. The two major courses are CS and IT that consist of different level of study. The survey was distributed to the respective group on Facebook. In this study, there are 90 respondents out of approximately 900 undergraduate KICT students. . 3 Research Instrument This study was conducted by doing a survey among undergraduate KICT students, IIUM. The questionnaire helps in gathering the sufficient information as well as to accomplish the goal of this study. The questionnaire was made using Google Docs. This survey was opened for 3 days to achieve the target of 10% respondents of approximately 900 undergraduate KICT students. The questionnaire was adapted through several articles (Sharifah et al. , 2011; Owens, 2011). This survey consists of 12 questions that the first eleven questions are closed-ended question and the last one is an open-ended question.
The first three questions are about demographic information such as gender, majoring in and level of study while the other nine questions regarding research study. The nine questions can be divided into three parts. The first part is about the activities done on Facebook followed by the information shared on Facebook. The last part is an open-ended question about the benefits of using Facebook. 3. 4 Data collection procedures In this study, the questionnaire will be posted in three different groups on Facebook which are IIUM ICT Students Society (ICTSS), Bachelor of Computer Science (IIUM) and Bachelor of Information Technology, KICT IIUM.
The respondents are free to answer the questionnaire anytime and everywhere within the 3 days. The respondents need to answer the questionnaire that consists of 12 questions that are related to the study. These questions help the researcher to understand of the use of Facebook among undergraduate KICT students. Besides, the respondents also were notified with the nature, objective and all the details will be confidential. The researcher will gather all information and feedback of the respondents. After that, the researcher will get the summary responses from Google Docs to further analyze the data. . 5 Data analysis To further analyze the data, two main variables were taken into considerations which are the activities done and information shared on Facebook. Furthermore, the results will be analyzed using Microsoft Excel 2007 to investigate the percentage of the study. 4. Findings and discussion 5. 1 Findings There are 90 respondents that consist of 60 females and 30 males. About 57 of them are majoring in IT while the other 33 majoring in CS. This study involves the level of study of 1st year to 4th year students. 63% of the respondents are a 3rd year students while 4% are 1st year students.
There are about 93% of the 90 respondents spend many times a week on Facebook and most of them are using the Facebook 1 to 4 hours every day. About 3% of the respondents answered the same for both spending time on Facebook once a week and less than once a week. Table 1 – Responses for frequent activities on Facebook Items| Total| Percentage| To get information and knowledge| 72| 81%| To share information and knowledge with friends| 68| 76%| To play games application on Facebook| 13| 15%| To stalk other people| 40| 45%| To stay in touch with friends| 67| 75%| To chat with friends| 60| 67%| To make new friends| 18| 20%|
To find people with similar interest| 13| 15%| To update status| 49| 55%| To play another role that I can’t in the real life| 5| 6%| Other| 3| 3%| Figure 1 – Responses for frequent activities on Facebook To answer research question 1, Figure 1 and Table 1 shows the frequent activities on Facebook among undergraduate KICT students. 81% of the respondents want to get knowledge and information, 76% of the respondents want to share information and knowledge with friends and 75% of them want to stay close with their friends. About 3% of them chose “Other” stated that they did online shopping on Facebook.
Table 2 – Responses on type of information sharing Items| Total| Percentage| Education| 58| 65%| Cooking recipes| 5| 6%| Products| 19| 21%| Sports| 11| 12%| Fun and humor| 58| 65%| Entertainment| 55| 62%| Religion information| 64| 72%| Current issues| 50| 56%| General information| 52| 58%| Other| 2| 2%| Figure 2 – Responses on type of information sharing About 64% of the respondents responded “Yes” for always share information on Facebook. The types of medium that the respondents frequently used are website links, videos, photos, articles and status.
The highest range of result for medium sharing is photos about 72%. Each medium can carry many kind of information and variety of content. Photos, videos, articles, status or website links can represents many information. It is not rigid to one type of source or content only. Refer to Figure 2 and Table 2, the most popular response on types of information sharing are religion information, education, fun and humor and entertainment ranging from 72% to 62%. 2% of them chose “Other” declared that they shared about relationship problem and politic issues. For a question “Where do you get the information from? , 84% get the information from other peoples’ Wall posts followed by websites 73%, 65% get the information from other people’s status and 6% stated that they got the information from books and magazines. Thus, this question answered the research question 2. 5. 2 Discussion There are many activities that can be done on Facebook. People love to use Facebook because of its features that able to communicate with friends, update status and many more. Facebook is a medium for sharing and getting information because everyone has the Facebook account and always shared on Facebook.
In Facebook, everyone can post, like and comment on that peoples’ post. Everyone can gather all related information of the study and posted in timeline in order to share the gathered information to other people. Majority of the respondents are using Facebook for the good purposes which are to get and share information available on the Facebook as well as to get connected with others. From the finalized survey, the researcher can conclude that the user likes to share a pictures regarding religion information that his or her get from the other websites. The respondents ove to share about religion information on their timeline thus it reflects IIUM students. The purposes of sharing the information through Facebook are to let other people learn new things, remind other people, to have personal reminder and so forth. For example, by sharing religion information, Islamic-based people might be aware of knowledge or understanding about Islam that they are not aware of before. Thus, it is really important to post and share about Islamic thingy for Muslim to have a reminder and get repentant every day. 5. Conclusion 5. 1 Summary
In summary, everyone has his or her own activities on Facebook. The activities involved just need to be good activities with good intentions. The use of Facebook might be harm for us thus we need to overcome this situation by know how to use the Facebook correctly and efficiently. The information sharing among KICT students will bring beneficial to all regardless of level of study. KICT students should know the use of Facebook might benefits other users. Hence, it is very important for KICT students to use the Facebook correctly and make sure to give benefits not to give harm to other people. . 2 Limitations and Implications There are several limitations in this study that is the limited number of respondents on undergraduate KICT students. Besides, the population of KICT students also small compared to other Kuliyyah. Thus, for better future research, the number of population should be increased to the whole university or other university to get more applicable results. 5. 3 Recommendations of the study For the next future research, it can be done by differentiating the use of Facebook between genders in emotional-based, behaviour and study-based.
It might be interesting to compare the use of Facebook among IIUM students in the perspective of the genders. Besides, it can be compare with the use of Facebook among IIUM and other universities. It might be beneficial for the future study to investigate and compare the activities done and information shared on Facebook between the universities. References Breslin J. And Decker S. (2007). The need for semantics. The future of social networks on the Internet, 86-90. Mazer J. P. , Murphy R. E. , Simonds C. J. (2007).
I’ll see you on “Facebook”: The effects of computer-mediated teacher self-disclosure on student motivation, affective learning, and classroom climate. Communication Education, Vol. 56, No. 1, 1-17. Owens J. W. (2011). Facebook sharing and caring. Usability news. Retrieved 20 July 2012 from http://www. surl. org/usabilitynews/132/pdf/Usability%20News%20132%20-%20Owens. pdf Robertson M. , Yin P. , Bo Y. (2010). A social approach to security: Using social networks to help detect malicious web content, 436-441. Roblyer M. D. , McDaniel M. , Webb M. , Herman J. , Witty J. V. (2010).
Findings on Facebook in higher education: A comparison of college faculty and student uses and perceptions of social networking sites. The Internet and higher education 13, 134-140. Sharifah Sofiah S. Z. , Siti Zobidah Omar, Jusang Bolong, Mohd Nizam Osman. (2011). Facebook addiction among female university students. Retrieved 15 July 2012, from http://www. uvvg. ro/revad/files/nr7/10. %20sharifah. pdf Stollak M. J. , Vandenberg A. , Burklund A. , Weiss S. (2011). Getting social: The impact of social networking usage on grades among college students, Proceedings of ASBBS, Vol. 18, No. 1, 859-865.