Most college students value their time when they’re struggling to balance work, school, social life, and when they are pressured to a deadline. With so much to do, it can be easy to become overwhelmed, stressed and pressured then eventually be burnt out. Time management techniques can help students get things done by organizing schedules, setting priorities and accomplishing tasks in the most efficient way.
These skills will not only be valuable during their time at school but can carry over later into the workplace. Freshmen Nursing students are currently adjusting from a typical high school schedule where schedule is organized and the subjects are consecutive in a day, to a college schedule with a lot of vacant time and late classes that last until 7 PM at night. With this new profound schedule, students have a hard time to adapt therefore they cram and stress with their disorganized time.
Management of time for a college student can be one of the most crucial, important and difficult skills to learn during your college years. With so much going on, having strong time management and an efficient time management technique can sometimes seem so impossible. Fortunately, however, there are things that a college student can do to help make sure that time management leaves you feeling organized and in control instead of exhausted, stressed, pressured and behind.
More over, as freshmen nursing students, we have a lot in our hand, from layers of books to read and study, to millions of terms to memorize, to preparing for reports, to Related Learning Experience duties, etc; with all that, we would still have to balance it with personal, social and other extra curricular activities. This study was made in order to distinguish the different time management techniques used by freshmen nursing students, particularly the respondents to the survey, the freshmen nursing students of Ateneo de Zamboanga University. Here are some Tried-and-True Time Management Techniques: . The Pomodoro Technique. The idea of this technique is to break down work periods into at most 25-minute intervals, because that’s how long our minds focus effectively. The creator of this method, entrepreneur and mentor Francesco Cirillo (1980) calls these intervals as “pomodoros. ” The technique gets more complicated as you delve into it, but you begin it by first deciding which tasks you need to accomplish. Next, set the timer to 25 minutes and work free of distractions until it rings. Then, take a five-minute break. Every four intervals, take a longer break (15-20 minutes). 2. 18 Minutes.
This technique is the brainchild of Peter Bregman, chief executive officer of the global management consulting firm Bregman Partners and author of 18 Minutes: Find Your Focus, Master Distraction, and Get the Right Things Done: In the morning: Sit down and think about what you need to do today to make it successful. “What can you realistically accomplish that will further your focus for the year and allow you to leave at the end of the day feeling that you’ve been productive and successful? ” Bregman writes in his book. “Then take those things off your to-do list and schedule them into your calendar. One minute per hour: Refocus. Set an alarm every hour and when it beeps, “take a deep breath and ask yourself if you spent your last hour productively,” he writes. “Manage your day hour by hour. Don’t let the hours manage you. ” Minutes in the evening: Turn off your computer and review how the day went.
Ask yourself questions like: How did the day go? What did I learn? 3. COPE. Personal productivity expert Peggy Duncan (2000) suggests the Clear-Organized-Productive-Efficient technique. “My system incorporates getting to the root cause of why you don’t have enough time and what you can do about it,” Duncan says. You have to totally revamp how you work. ” Start by analyzing how you’re spending the day by logging your activities and eliminating time wasters. Then, organize everything around you and then prioritize your tasks and get the main things done without multitasking. Duncan also suggests systemizing all of your repetitive tasks. For instance, email templates are great for reaching out to many different people for a common purpose. 4. ABC & Pareto Analyses Combo. Marter (1988) recommends this classic business-management combination of the ABC and Pareto analyses techniques.
For this combo to work you have to categorize each of your tasks by either A, B, or C: A: Tasks that are perceived as being urgent and important. B: Tasks that are important but not urgent. C: Tasks that are neither urgent nor important. Starting with the A column, apply Pareto Analysis by highlighting the work that will take the least time in this group. “Pareto Analysis suggests that 80 percent of tasks can be completed in 20 percent of disposable time and the remaining 20 percent will take up 80 percent of time,” Marter says. Productivity will be higher if the tasks that take less time are completed first. ” In other words, get the easy stuff out of the way first for maximum productivity. Then, move on to group B. Figure 1. Number of people who follow a time management schedule Figure 1 indicates that over half of the respondents follow a time management schedule. Thirty-three percent (33%) say that they do follow a time management schedule and a small number of seven percent (7%) say that they do not follow a time management technique.
The large differences of the respondent’s answers might be the result of different preferences on how they use their time. A large portion of sometimes in the chart maybe due to the undecided commitment of the respondents. More then half of sometimes say yes because they might think that being organized is best, on the other hand, seven percent (7%) might not really want to follow a time management technique because they want to be always on the rush. Figure 2. What takes most of a student’s time Figure 2 illustrates what takes most of a student’s time.
Among the six choices, going online takes up twenty eight percent (28%) of the chart. Twenty four percent (24%) answered that hanging out with friends consumes most of their time. One fifth of the asked respondents said that going to school is the major factor that consumes most of their time. Meanwhile, fourteen percent (14) say that studying at home takes most of a student’s time. Eight percent (8%) says that other activities consume their time and a low percentage have answered that playing online games is the most time consuming activity of a student.
The data seem to suggest that going online takes up most of student’s time maybe because they can’t quit their facebook and probably they love trolling their twitter followers. According to Wonderslist, going online took number two in the top 10 biggest time consumers. Figure 3. Number of respondents who prefer a specific time management technique. Figure 3 indicates what type of time management technique do the students prefer the most. More than half of the respondents prefer ABC ; Pareto Analyses Combo. Two-fourths of the asked respondents have chosen that Promodoro Technique and COPE are the most preferred.
Less than one-fourth of the students say that 18 minute Technique is the most preferred. Majority of the respondents of the Ateneo de Zamboanga University Freshmen Nursing students prefer ABC ; Pareto Analyses Combo since this technique might be the most efficient and easiest to commit to technique of all. Figure 4. Number of respondents who think that following a time management technique would help them in accomplishing task. Figure 4 shows how many of the respondents think that following a time management technique will help them in their daily tasks.
More than eight times the number of the respondents who answered maybe said that following a time management technique could help them in their daily tasks. While three percent (3%) of the asked student respondents answered no. A large percent of the respondents have agreed that following a time management technique may or can help them in their daily tasks since using a time management technique can really help a student use their time efficiently and wisely with lesser stress and lesser efforts. II. Benefits of Time Management Techniques
Yes, there are benefits of time management — everyone seems to know that. But what exactly do the benefits of time management look like, especially to college students? Is good time management really worth all of the time and effort? 8 Benefits of Good Time Management in College 1. You won’t miss important “life” deadlines. “Life” deadlines and projects are those things that keep your life on track: turning in your FAFSA on time, getting your form in early so you have guaranteed on-campus housing next year, remembering to get your mom’s birthday present in the mail early enough so it arrives on time.
When your time management is bad, life can get ugly in an instant. 2. You won’t miss important academic deadlines. Paper coming up? Lab report due? Group assignment on the horizon? Missing academic deadlines means you may miss out on being able to stay in school, but having good time management means you get your assignments in on time — and get a little sleep the night before they’re due. 3. You have more time to sleep well, eat right, and exercise regularly. Good time management means you have more, well, time. And the better you treat your body, the better it treats you.
Putting a little energy into time management now means you’ll have more energy to get through you days (and workload) later. 4. You’ll have less stress. Good time management means that horrible paper you have to write gets done in a reasonable amount of time with relatively little stress — instead of amidst a panic attack the night before. 5. You’ll have more time to just relax and enjoy your time in school. Let’s be honest: Even if you do decide to throw caution to the wind and just hang out with some friends in the quad, that research paper you’re avoiding is still fluttering around in the back of your brain, being annoying.
When you’re good at managing your time, you can really let yourself relax, knowing that the time you’ll need to rock that paper has already been allocated in your schedule. 6. You’ll have more flexibility and spontaneity. Always being behind and late on projects means you don’t have the time — or mental ability — to just relax sometimes and enjoy, say, the spontaneous gathering in your residence hall or your roommate’s surprise birthday party. 7. Things will be easier on your friends and family.
You know what it’s like to have a friend who is always late: things can become trying after a while. Finally getting on top of your time management and turning into an independent adult who can run his or her own life will make things incredibly easier on your friends and family (not to mention yourself). 8. Good time management skills will help you in your post-college life. Think your always-late, always-behind pattern is going to change once you graduate? Think again. Taking the time to learn and make ermanent strong time management skills will serve you well in your life after college. After all, how can you go out and change the world if you’re always running behind — and late? III. Disadvantages of Poor Time Management Poor planning and bad time management are often part of the learning experience for many new students in college. For others, however, poor planning becomes a habit. The consequences of putting that paper off, not turning in your work on time, and missing key deadlines, however, can be much more of a problem than you might initially think.
Disadvantages to Poor Planning ; Bad Time Management 1. Things may get expensive. If you miss housing deadlines, incur late registration fees, or apply too late to get priority when your school is allocating financial aid, things can quickly become even more expensive than normal. Having good time management skills can help you avoid costly mistakes later. 2. Things can become harder logistically. If you think studying for your Spanish final is a pain in the brain, wait until you see what happens if you don’t pass it/sleep through it/generally don’t plan for it. . You may miss out on opportunities because you’re too late. That amazing study abroad program, Spring Break trip, and summer internship all have deadlines for a reason. If you apply too late or don’t have everything you need ready in time, you’ll miss out on what could have been the experience of a lifetime. 4. You may miss out on opportunities because people notice your pattern of lateness and disorganization. People who you think don’t notice your frequent lack of planning and lateness may, in fact, notice more than you realize.
When your favorite professor is trying to think of students for an awesome summer research gig, you might get passed over because she knows you won’t have your stuff together when needed. Keeping your schedule balanced and your time managed may open doors you don’t even realize are there. 5. You will always feel behind. Not sure if you have poor planning skills? Ask yourself to remember the last time you felt ahead of the game. If it wasn’t recently, chances are you’re constantly feeling behind — because you are. Bad time management skills mean you are always playing catch-up and experiencing stress.
And with all that’s going on in your college life, why add more stress to the mix? IV. Factors that affect Poor Time Management among Nursing Students College life is hard. As a student, you most likely balance your classes, homework, finances, a job, friends, a social life, a relationship, cocurricular involvement, and ten million other things — all at the same time. It’s no wonder, then, that you may need to just spend time, well, wasting time now and then. But how can you tell if you’re wasting time in a productive or nonproductive way? . Social media (think Facebook, Twitter, etc. ). * Productive uses: Catching up with friends, socializing, connecting with family and friends, connecting with classmates, relaxing in a fun way. * Nonproductive uses: Gossiping, snooping out of boredom, obsessing over old friends or * partners, getting information out of jealousy, trying to start drama. 2. People. * Productive uses: Relaxing, hanging out with friends, socializing, getting to meet new people, engaging in interesting conversations, experiencing new things with good folks. Nonproductive uses: Malicious gossip, looking for people to hang out with because you’re avoiding a task, feeling like you have to be part of the crowd when you know you have other things to do. 3. The World Wide Web.
* Productive uses: Doing research for homework, learning about topics that are interesting, catching up on current events, looking into academic opportunities (like graduate school or study abroad opportunities), looking for employment opportunities, booking travel to visit home. Nonproductive uses: Stumbling around just to keep boredom at bay, looking at sites you weren’t interested in in the first place, reading about people and/or news that have no connection or impact on your time in school (or your homework! ). 4. The Party Scene. * Productive uses: Having fun with friends, letting yourself relax during the evening, celebrating a special event or occasion, socializing, meeting new people, building friendships and community at your school. Nonproductive uses: Engaging in unhealthy behaviors, having effects the next day that impede your ability to do things like homework and going to work on time. 5. Drama. * Productive uses: Getting help for your friend or yourself during a time of need, connecting a friend or yourself to other support systems, building and learning empathy for others. * Nonproductive uses: Making or being involved with drama that is unnecessary, feeling the need to fix problems that aren’t yours to fix and that can’t be fixed by you anyway, getting sucked into drama simply because you were at the wrong place at the wrong time. 6. Email. Productive uses: Communicating with friends, catching up with family, contacting professors, exploring job or research opportunities, dealing with administrative offices (like financial aid) on campus.
* Nonproductive uses: Checking email every 2 minutes, interrupting work every time an email comes in, emailing back and forth when a phone call might better suffice, letting emails take priority over other things you need to do at your computer. 7. Cell Phone. * Productive uses: Communicating with friends and family, dealing with timely matters (like financial aid deadlines), calling to solve problems (like bank errors). Nonproductive uses: Texting every 10 seconds with a friend while trying to do another task, using your phone as a camera/video camera all the time, checking facebook at bad times (in class, in conversation with others), always feeling like it’s the priority instead of your task at hand. 8. Movies and You Tube. * Productive uses: Using to relax, using to get into a mood (before a Halloween party, for example), just hanging out with friends, socializing, watching for class, watching a clip or two for fun, watching videos of friends or family, watching impressive feats or performances, watching snippets on a topic for a paper or roject. * Nonproductive uses: Getting sucked into a movie you didn’t have time to watch in the first place, watching something simply because it was on TV, watching for “just a minute” that turns into 2 hours, watching videos that add nothing to your own life, using as an avoidance from the real work you need to do.
9. Video games. * Productive uses: Letting your brain relax, playing with friends (near or far), socializing, learning about new games while meeting new people. Nonproductive uses: Losing sleep because you’re playing too late at night, playing for too long when you have homework and other work to do, using video games as a way of avoiding the realities of your college life, not meeting new people because you’re alone in your room playing video games too much. 10. Not getting enough sleep. * Productive uses (are there really any? ): Finishing a paper or project that took longer than expected, engaging with other students about something so exciting it’s worth missing a little sleep over, meeting a scholarship deadline, doing an activity instead of sleeping that truly enriches your college life. Nonproductive uses: Staying up too late on a regular basis, missing so much sleep that you aren’t functional during the time you are awake, having your academic work suffer, having your physical, mental, and emotional health suffer from lack of sleep. IV. I. Factors That Affect Academic Performance of Nursing Students Studying to be a nurse requires dedication and cognitive ability. Many factors go into determining how effective a preservice nurse is in her efforts to obtain an education within the field.
While limiting factors can be overcome with effort, considering these factors may help you determine whether you have what it takes to successfully train to be a nurse. Industry Experience Individuals who have some experience in the health care industry are more likely to be successful in reaching their ultimate goal of becoming a nurse, reports Cuesta College. Those considering entering nursing school are advised to consider volunteering at a hospital or other health care facility or taking part in an internship or job shadowing program.
By immersing themselves in the industry, these individuals not only increase their knowledge of basic medical procedures but also ensure that they would be content working in a hospital environment and that nursing would be a good occupation for them to pursue. Time Management Nursing students often have to balance a challenging course schedule while training to become a nurse. Individuals who lack the ability to manage their time will likely find it challenging to balance their hectic schedule. Additionally, in many nursing programs timeliness is required.
In some programs, students can be expelled for accruing an excessive number of absences. Study Skills During their schooling, nurses must learn a plethora of medical information. Well-developed study skills make the learning and retention of this information easier. Preservice nurses who already possess study skills before entering their schooling can use these skills to their advantage while they train. Those who lack these requisite skills may need to devote time to developing their study skills to ensure their nursing school success. Outside Responsibilities Success in nursing school requires dedication to the course of study.
Individuals who have numerous family commitments or must work an excessive amount of hours to finance their schooling will likely struggle to keep up on their classes, reports Cuesta College. Even the best intentioned nursing students can struggle with balancing their school work and their current responsibilities. Those who do have many preexisting obligations must carefully consider whether they will be willing to devote the necessary time to their study and perhaps consider alternate arrangements to take some of the responsibilities off of their plates temporarily. V. Ways and Tips to get more Time
Who hasn’t wished at some point that there was a way to get more time in a day? It sometimes seems that we spend so much time rushing from place to place or task to task that we don’t actually accomplish anything. It can be done. To get more time, all you have to do is make more time, and you can do that by applying some basic time management techniques. Be warned: these are not all easy things to do. But the time you invest in learning how to do these things and practicing them will be paid back a thousand-fold, increasing both your accomplishments and your sense of well-being.
Ready? Here’s what you have to do: #1: Recognize you can’t do it all. Too many of us are stretched too thin because we’ve bought into the myth that everyone can (and should) do it all. We should all work full-time, spend quality time with our children and spouses and pets, spend time with our friends, do volunteer and committee work, get involved in causes, work at staying fit and healthy, and spend time relaxing and rejuvenating ourselves. This kind of balancing act is best left to the Flying Wallendas. And you know what? It doesn’t matter.
What matters is that you are healthy and happy with how you’re spending your time. Decide what roles and activities are important to you and live your life accordingly. #2: Prioritize. The other part of the myth that we all can and should do it all is that everything is equally important. It’s not. Just look at your daily calendar on any given day. Is picking up the dry cleaning really as important as that meeting with a client? No. So if you have to choose between them, it’s easy to decide to leave the day cleaning pickup for another day.
Don’t just rush from task to task throughout the day. Review the list of what you have to do that day at the day’s start and then pick out the things that you ‘must do’ that day. (Try to keep these ‘must-dos’ to three or less for starters. ) Then focus on getting those things done. At the end of the day, you’ll have a feeling of accomplishment, no matter what else got messed up or went wrong. #3: Learn to say “Yes” and “No”. The inability to say “No” is the cause of an incredible amount of misunderstanding and frustration.
Instead of saying “No,” people say “Maybe” or “I might be able to do that” or “I’ll see”, creating the expectation that they will do whatever it is on the part of the listener and the pressure on themselves to do it. Then when they don’t do it, the person they said “Maybe” to instead of “No” is disappointed/annoyed/hurt. Make it a general rule not to say “Maybe” at all when you’re asked to commit to something. Learn to make quick decisions and say “Yes” or “No” instead. And don’t get hung up on elaborating. You don’t have to give extensive reasons for your decision.
A simple “No, I can’t do that” is enough. The person you’re speaking to will appreciate your honesty and your disinclination to waste their time. And you’ll be without the pressure to fit in yet another activity or event you weren’t that interested in anyhow. #4: Unplug. Another modern myth that you have to disregard if you want to get more time is the idiotic idea that we all have to be reachable and ‘connected’ all the time. We don’t, and in fact, there are times when it’s important or useful to be unreachable to everyone or everything except the person or the task immediately in front of us.
For instance, if your child is telling you about a traumatic thing that happened to him at school that day or you’re doing an estimate for a potential customer, you need to be listening to/communicating with the people right in front of you, not the ones calling or sending you email. So recognize this and ‘unplug’ yourself when appropriate. Make yourself the manager of your technology rather than being managed by it. Do not read every piece of email as soon as it comes in, for example, or feel that you have to personally answer every phone call. Don’t let incoming texts or tweets interrupt you when you’re working.
Set aside particular times of day to read or listen and respond to email and phone calls. #5: Take time off. Many business people in particular fall into the seven day trap. They feel that the more time they pour into their business, the more successful their business will be. Before you know it, they’re working seven days a week every week and wondering why they feel so frazzled all the time! And is their business more successful? Maybe. Maybe not. You see, the success of their business depends on what they do, not on how much time they spend doing it.
Consider this analogy: if you want to learn golf and you spend eight hours a day seven days a week golfing but are holding the club wrong every time so that every ball you hit has a pronounced swing to the left, what happens to your golf game? It doesn’t matter how much time you put into doing something if you’re not doing it right. Conclusion Time management techniques can help students get things done by organizing schedules, setting priorities and accomplishing tasks in the most efficient way. Most of the respondents favor in having and committing to a time management technique.
They think that following a time management technique will help them manage their daily tasks and activities more smoothly and efficiently with less hassle and efforts. The most preferred time management technique of the asked student nursing respondents is the ABC & Pareto Analyses Combo where in they categorize their tasks into urgent and important, important but not urgent, and neither urgent nor important. The least preferred technique of the respondents is the 18 minute technique where in you plan your day out in advance and at night you review how productive your day went.